During the project’s lifetime information on SURE-Fam will be shared here. The following public deliverables are foreseen in the project:
D1.1 Report on resilience framework for EU agriculture
Farming systems in Europe face a vast range of environmental, economic, social and institutional challenges. Examples include more volatile producer and input prices, higher probability of extreme weather events, increasing dependence on land owners and financial institutions, organizational change within value chains, competing policy objectives and increasing administrative demands, and new societal concerns and changing consumer preferences. In this paper we define resilience as maintaining the essential functions of EU farming systems in the face of increasingly complex and volatile economic, social, environmental and institutional challenges. A farming system is a system hierarchy level above the farm at which properties emerge as a result of the formal and informal interactions and interrelations among farms, available technologies, stakeholders along the value chain, citizens in rural and urban areas, consumers, policy makers, and the environment. Existing resilience frameworks do not sufficiently capture the regional interplay of the multiple processes and stakeholders apparent in farming systems. In order to capture the described developments in EU agriculture, and in order to proactively address those challenges, we propose a framework to analyse the resilience of EU farming systems. The integrated framework can be applied by public and private decision makers to formulate differentiated strategies across EU farming systems depending on context-specific challenges and available resources.
D1.2 Report on scenarios for EU farming
When developing strategies or policies to increase resilience, private and public decision makers need to anticipate to future shocks and stresses affecting the systems they manage. However, they face the difficulty that the future is not fully known. Uncertainty exists with respect to key factors affecting the actions of interest. Scenarios are a useful tool to cope with such future uncertainties and can be used both as a way to explore—not predict—the future through the identification of potential opportunities and threats and as a way to make action more future-proof. The objective of this deliverable is to develop medium- to long-term explorative scenarios describing possible futures for the external environment that EU farming systems face. The external environment will include environmental issues, economic issues and social issues. Consumer trends are typically not or insufficiently included in farming systems related scenarios and will therefore get particular attention. The purpose is to produce scenarios that encompass a wide range of issues characterised in both a quantitative and a qualitative way that can be used to guide further work in SURE-Farm.
D1.3 Report on farm typology and farming systems selection
The farm typology approach uses to respond to the research questions where statistics on average farm characteristics are not representative for the majority of the farms in the study regions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of agriculture within a region is the primary objective of the constructing farm typologies. The selection of factors that define the farm typology varies from study to study, and is governed by the research purpose. The objective of the SURE-Farm farm typology is to classify EU farms in groups that are homogeneous, characteristic and representative regarding their challenges to cope with requirements of resilience of farms and farming systems.
D1.4 Press release on resilience framework for EU agriculture
Resilience of the agricultural sector is an important aim of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Most often, resilience is focused on stimulating robustness, with policy and market instruments aimed at maintaining the stability of the farm business. However, a group of European scientists argues that this is too narrow a way of looking at resilience. They state that while robustness contributes to agricultural development, the current higher risk environment also requires other types of capacity in food and agribusiness: namely adaptability and transformability.
D1.5 Policy brief on resilience framework, scenarios and farm typology
To achieve its objectives in a changing world, the Common Agricultural Policy needs to put the resilience of Europe’s farming systems at its center. The current CAP focuses on making the farming community more robust against shocks in the short run. However, a broader view on resilience is needed to ensure a sustainable agricultural sector in the longer term. This new vision should pay sufficient attention to developing the capacities of both individual farms and farming systems to adapt to changing circumstances and to transform their business models where necessary to maintain the delivery of food, fiber, energy and public goods in the long run.
D2.1 Report on farmers’ perceptions of risk, adaptive capacity and resilience
D2.2 Report on biographical narratives exploring short- and long-term adaptive behavior of EU farmers
D2.3 Report on farmers’ collective learning and self-organization
D2.4 Open-access paper on the use of remote sensing-based approaches for crop and livestock production
D2.5 Policy brief on farmer adaptive behavior and risk management in EU agriculture
D2.6 Report on state and outlook for risk management in EU agriculture
D2.7 Business brief on opportunities for improved risk management for EU agriculture
D2.8 Open-access paper on the drivers of expenditure on the Risk Management Toolkit per member state.
D3.1 Report on current farm demographics and trends for selected regions
Farm demographics concerns dynamics within the farmers’ population and the provision of labour to farming systems, capturing both labour directly employed by the farmers’ population and hired labour force. This work uses both quantitative and qualitative data to provide an overview of trends in demographic processes of European farming systems over the last decades. The ultimate goal of his report is to identify and evaluate measures which improve the resilience of farm demographics and facilitate entry into the sector, for both farms and labour.
D3.2 Report on generational renewal and on occupational choice, cross-sector mobility and spatial migration
D3.3 Policy brief on farm demographics and impacts on farm structure
D3.4 Open-access paper on the formulation and adaptation of AB models to simulate generational renewal
D3.5 Report on future farm demographics and structural change in selected regions of the EU
D3.6 Policy brief on future developments in farm demographics and structural change in selected regions of the EU
D3.7 Business brief on farming opportunities for entrants and young farmers
D3.8 Open-access paper on the implications of policies and institutional settings for farm demographics and structural change
D3.9 Policy brief on policy options for resilient farm demographics and farm structural
D4.1 Assessment tool (ResAT) to assess the capacity of policies to enhance the resilience of EU farming systems (Protocol).
The Resilience Assessment Tool (ResAT) assesses whether policy goals and instruments encourage, enable, tolerate or constrain farmers’ resilience enhancing strategies and resources. In the first step, the ResAT will be used to analyse and evaluate whether and how the CAP, its implementation in the eleven member states of our case studies, and additional relevant national policies address and support the resilience of farming systems.
D4.2 Report with the results of the assessment of strengths and weaknesses of the CAP
The Resilience Assessment Tool (ResAT) builds on broad academic literature that has identified characteristics of resilience-enhancing policies. However, it adds a distinction between policy characteristics that enhance either robustness, adaptability or transformability. This report presents the findings from an application of the Resilience Assessment Tool in eleven case studies across Europe to assess whether and how the current configuration of EU and national policies supports or constrains the capacity of regional farming systems to cope with the range of novel challenges. Understanding the CAP’s effects on the resilience of regional farming systems requires an analysis of the interactions between the CAP and various other policies, which occur not only within the sector, but also across sectors and jurisdictional levels.
D4.3 Five case study reports with the results of the assessments in the five regional case study areas
D4.4 Open-access paper with the overall assessment of the extent to which policies enable the resilience of the diverse farming systems
D4.5 Report with structured overview of policy options/governance strategies to improve policies’ resilience enabling capacity
D4.6 Policy brief with a critical analysis of how current policies constrain/enable resilient EU agriculture
D5.1 Report on IA tool to assess the resilience of farming systems and their delivery of private and public goods (Protocol).
An Integrated Assessment tool (IA) will be developed to operationalise the resilience framework. The IA tool will include both static and dynamic, and quantitative and qualitative models. The objective of this report is to describe tools proposed within SURE-Farm to assess resilience and to articulate the rationale for using them.
D5.2 Report on participatory impact assessments in case study regions
D5.3 Report on resilience assessment of current farming systems across the EU
D5.4 Open-access paper on resilience assessment of current farming systems across the EU
D5.5 Report on impacts of future scenarios on the resilience of EU farming systems
D5.6 Report on impacts of improved strategies and policy options on the resilience of farming systems across the EU
D5.7 Policy brief on the resilience of farming systems in the EU under current conditions and future scenarios
D5.8 Open-access paper on comparative analysis of the resilience of EU farming systems
D6.1 Case-reporting protocol
One of the specific objectives of SURE-Farm is to identify integrated sets of conditions that effectively provide an enabling environment for resilient farming systems in Europe. It requires to integrate case studies findings on resilience enabling conditions and their impact on the attractiveness of the farming sector and its capacity to enhance adaptive behavior and learning. By linking these outcome values to the combinations of conditions, it is possible to identify which combinations of conditions are likely to improve resilience. The purpose of this protocol is to make sure that conditions will be characterized comprehensively and systematically across the various case studies.